BMW 3 of the E46 series

since 1998 release

Repair and operation of the car



BMW 3 of the E46 series
+ BMW 3 Cars (E46)
- Current leaving and service
   Introduction
   Current leaving
   General information on control
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them. Designation of tires and disks of wheels
   Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
   Replacement of the filtering element of the air filter
   Checks of brake system
   Replacement of an element of the filter of air of salon
   Check of a condition of driving ridge belts
   Check of a state and replacement of hoses of a motive compartment
   Check of functioning of the cooling system and frost resistance of cooling liquid
   Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check of level of oil in a manual box of gear shifting
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check of level of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
   Visual check of a body and its bottom
   Check of seat belts
   Rotation and replacement of wheels
   Check of a state, replacement of brushes and adjustment of a corner of screen wipers
   Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging
   Replacement of brake fluid
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of fuel system, replacement of the fuel filter. Operation of diesel model in the conditions of winter
   Greasing of loops and locks of doors
   Replacement of the battery of a key of remote control
+ Engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply systems, injection and release
+ Electric equipment of the engine
+ RKPP and transmission line
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment


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Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging

Tools and materials necessary for care of the battery

1 — a front guard / goggles - during removal by a brush of traces of corrosion of a particle of the crystallized acid easily can get to eyes
2 — baking soda - water solution of baking soda can be used for corrosion neutralization
3 — acid-free vaseline - the layer of vaseline applied on battery plugs will help to avoid their corrosion
4 — the adaptation for cleaning of plugs/tips of wires - such adaptation with a wire brush will remove all traces of corrosion from plugs of the battery and tips of wires

5 — the impregnated felt washers - installation of such washers on each plug of the battery directly under tips of wires will help to avoid corrosion
6 — the stripper - sometimes appears to be removed tips of wires very difficult from battery plugs, even after full weakening of nuts/bolts. This tool will help to remove tips vertically up without damages
7 — the adaptation for cleaning of plugs/tips of wires - one more type of the smoothing-out tool, slightly changed version of point 4 which is carrying out the same functions
8 — rubber gloves - one more security measure during the work with the battery; remember that in the battery there is an acid!


Check and leaving

During the work with the battery it is necessary to undertake certain security measures. At banks of the battery always there is extremely a flammable hydrogen therefore do not allow approach to the battery with the lit cigarette or other types of naked flame at all. Electrolyte of the battery represents solution of sulfuric acid which at hit in eyes or on open sites of a body causes serious injuries. Besides, acid corrodes clothes and paints. At shutdown of the battery always the first disconnect a negative wire, and connect it in the last turn!


1 Care of the battery is very important procedure allowing to avoid stops in way because of its discharge. Performance of procedure of service requires some tools. On cars with the 4-cylinder petrol engine the battery settles down in a motive compartment, on cars with the diesel and 6-cylinder petrol engine the battery settles down in a luggage carrier behind on the right under a cover.
2 before service procedure always at first switch off the engine and switch-off all electric devices, then disconnect a negative wire from the battery.

If the radio receiver of your car is equipped with system of protection against theft, make sure that you gathered the correct code before a battery detachment.


3 your car is equipped with the battery which is not demanding leaving. It is possible to uncover cans and to add the distilled water. Some models can be equipped with the batteries which are not demanding leaving which are completely sealed.
4 Uncover and check electrolyte level in each of battery cans. It has to be above plates. Usually on each can there is an index of level. If the level of electrolyte is lower than norm, add only the distilled water and then close covers of cans.

Overflow of cans can lead to transfusion of electrolyte during the accelerated charging that will cause corrosion and damage of the components, next to the battery.


5 If the positive plug and a collar of a wire of the battery of your car are equipped with a rubber protector, make sure that it is not torn and not damaged. It has to close the plug completely.
6 It is necessary to examine periodically an external condition of the battery on existence of such damages, as cracks in the case.
7 Check reliability of a tightening of collars of wires of the battery providing good electric connection. Check each of wires on all length for existence of cracks and attritions of isolation and wires.
8 At detection of traces of the corrosion (which is usually representing a friable raid of white color) disconnect wires from plugs, smooth out them a special brush and again connect. Emergence of corrosion can be minimized by installation of specially processed washers which are available on sale in shops of auto parts, or by drawing on plugs and collars of wires of a layer of acid-free vaseline or suitable greasing after their connection.


9 Make sure that the pallet of the battery is in a satisfactory condition, and the bolt of a fixing collar is reliably tightened. If the battery was removed from the pallet (address to materials of the Section Removal and installation of the battery), track that in an installation time on it details or other foreign subjects did not lie. At a latching of a fixing collar do not tighten its bolt too hardly.
10 Traces of corrosion from the pallet, cases of the battery and surrounding surfaces can be removed by means of water solution of baking soda. Apply mix with a small brush, let's it stand and then wash away plentiful amount of clear water.
11 Metal surfaces of the car which underwent corrosion should be covered with a primer on a zinc basis and then to paint.

Charging

Producers recommend to remove the battery from the car for its charging since the gas which is allocated during this procedure can damage the painted surfaces or an interior of the car, depending on a battery arrangement. Fast charging with the connected wires of the battery can lead to damages of electric system of the car.


13 Remove all covers from battery cans (if they are available) and close openings pure rags to prevent an electrolyte spillage. Disconnect a negative wire of the battery and connect charger wires to its plugs (positive to positive, negative to negative), then turn on the charger in a network. If it has the switch, make sure that it is installed in the situation "12 volts".

If the radio receiver of your car is equipped with system of protection against theft, make sure that you gathered the correct code before a battery detachment.


14 If you use the charger with current more than two amperes, regularly check the battery during charging to make sure that it did not overheat. Using the slow charger, you can quietly leave the battery to be loaded on all night long after regular check within the first two hours. At charging of the batteries which are not demanding leaving certain precautionary measures can be demanded (for example, use very much of the low-ampere charger). On such battery can be precautionary shildik but if it is not present, address for consultation in representative office of BMW or to the electrician from auto repair shop.
15 If banks of the battery have removable covers, each hour within the last several hours of a charging cycle check electrolyte density by means of the areometer. Inexpensive areometers are available on sale in shops of auto parts - at their application follow the enclosed instructions. The battery can be considered loaded if within two hours indicators of density of its electrolyte do not change, and electrolyte in banks freely bubbles. Electrolyte density in separate banks has to be almost identical. If this not so, so one or several cans of the battery failed and they should be replaced.
16 Some the batteries which are not demanding leaving have above the built-in areometer having a window - the color indicator of degree of charging of the battery. Usually brightly painted window means that the battery is completely charged, and dark color testifies to need of additional charging. More exact instructions are provided in the instruction of the manufacturer of the battery.
17 If the battery is sealed and has no built-in areometer, you can check charging degree by means of the digital voltmeter connected to plugs of the battery. Completely charged battery will show 12.6 and more than a volts.

EACH 2 YEARS, IRRESPECTIVE OF RUN