BMW 3 of the E46 series
since 1998 release
Repair and operation of the car
BMW 3 of the E46 series
+ BMW 3 Cars (E46)
- Current leaving and service
General information on control
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them. Designation of tires and disks of wheels
Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
Replacement of the filtering element of the air filter
Checks of brake system
Replacement of an element of the filter of air of salon
Check of a condition of driving ridge belts
Check of a state and replacement of hoses of a motive compartment
Check of functioning of the cooling system and frost resistance of cooling liquid
Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
Check of level of oil in a manual box of gear shifting
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Check of level of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
Visual check of a body and its bottom
Check of seat belts
Rotation and replacement of wheels
Check of a state, replacement of brushes and adjustment of a corner of screen wipers
Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging
Replacement of brake fluid
Check and replacement of spark plugs
Check of fuel system, replacement of the fuel filter. Operation of diesel model in the conditions of winter
Greasing of loops and locks of doors
Replacement of the battery of a key of remote control
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply systems, injection and release
+ Electric equipment of the engine
+ RKPP and transmission line
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment
Replacement of brake fluidIt will be necessary for carrying out work for you:
- A cap key for the union of removal of air. For example, HAZET 1968-7.
- A transparent plastic hose with an internal diameter of 6 mm and capacity for collecting brake fluid.
- About 1.0 l of brake fluid.
Brake fluid through a time of brake hoses, and also air vents of the tank of liquid absorbs moisture. Thereof in use there is a decrease in temperature of boiling of brake fluid. At considerable load of brakes it can lead to formation of vials of steam in brake pipelines that reduces efficiency of action of brakes. Therefore it is necessary to replace brake fluid each 2 years.
1 Follow the rules of the treatment of brake fluid stated in the Section Brake fluid - the main data and security measures.
On HUNDRED air from a hydraulic system of brakes, as a rule, is removed by means of the special device. The device gives brake fluid to the tank under pressure of 2.0 bars. It is possible to perform this operation and without use of the special tool. In this case air from brake system is removed the kachatelny movements of a pedal of a brake. Operation is carried out by means of the assistant.
2 Note liquid level on the tank. After replacement of liquid restore the former level of liquid. Thus, the tank modulation is excluded by liquid when replacing brake shoes.
3 Suck away liquid from the tank to the level of 10 mm.
Sequence of removal of air
1. Support the back right.
2. Support the back left.
3. Support the forward right.
4. Support the forward left.
5 Put on a pure hose the union of the right back brake cylinder and substitute the corresponding capacity.
6 Ask the assistant to press slowly a brake pedal so that to feel resistance.
8 Repeat the described procedure it is so much times, how many it is necessary in order that the leaving liquid did not contain bubbles. Fresh liquid is learned on light color.
9 Slightly tighten the union. The moment of an inhaling depends on diameter of a carving: the union with a diameter of 7 mm is tightened by the moment of 5 N • m, moment of 15 N with a diameter of 11 mm • m.
10 Similarly, in the order stated above, pump out brake fluid from other supports.
11 After replacement of brake fluid press a pedal of a brake and check its free wheeling. It should not exceed 1/3 general courses of a pedal.
12 Cars with RKPP: As the drive of coupling works at brake fluid, replacement of liquid in a hydraulic system of coupling is made by the way described above.
13 Before replacement of brake fluid fill it in the tank to noted level.
14 Screw a cover on the tank.
15 in conclusion of slow down several times on the road with rare traffic. Thus at least once execute full braking at which works ABS, in particular, on soil. Work of ABS is felt on brake pedal pulsations.