BMW 3 of the E46 series

since 1998 release

Repair and operation of the car



BMW 3 of the E46 series
- BMW 3 cars (E46)
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, tool and equipment of a workplace
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car for operation
   Automobile chemicals, oils and greasings
   Diagnostics of malfunctions
   Governing bodies and methods of operation
   Governing bodies and devices
   Gas station
   Keys, uniform lock and anticreeping system
   Security alarm system *
   Window regulators
   The hatch with a lifting and movable cover *
   Seats
   Adjustment of provision of a steering wheel
   Mirrors
   Systems of safety
   Lock of ignition and start of the engine
   Parking brake
   Manual Box of Gear Shifting (MBGS)
   Automatic Transmission (AT) *
   Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / light signal
   Screen wipers and windscreen washers
   Heater of back glass
   Tempostat (automatic equipment of maintenance of the set speed) *
   The alarm system of emergency rapprochement at a parking (PDC) *
   System of automatic stabilization of stability with the ASC+T/engine torque regulator System of dynamic control of stability of DSC *
   The air pressure monitoring system in tires (RDC) *
   Lighting and light devices
   Heater, ventilation and conditioner of air of salon
   Equipment of salon
   Running in
   Features of driving of the car
   Catalytic converter
   Anti-blocking system of brakes (ABS)
   Disk brakes
   Brake system
   Luggage compartments
   Automobile phone *
   Readjustment of headlights
   Cowl
   Unlocking of a cover of the filling hatch manually
   Drive of a lifting and movable cover of the hatch manually *
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply systems, injection and release
+ Electric equipment of the engine
+ RKPP and transmission line
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment





Governing bodies and devices

1 — Parking lighting / a passing beam (The section Lighting and light devices)
2 — Indexes of turn (The section Lever of the Switch of Indexes of Turn / the Light of a signal)
Parking fires (Section Lighting and light devices)
Driving beam (Section Lighting and light devices)
Light signal (Section Lever of the Switch of Indexes of Turn / the Light of a signal)
Traveling computer *
3 — Screen wipers / windscreen washers (Undressed Screen wipers and windscreen washers)
4 — the Lever of the AT RKPP / selector (Sections Manual Box of Gear Shifting (MBGS) and Automatic Transmission (AT))
If on the car RKPP is established, for inclusion of transfer of a backing it is necessary to wring out the lever to the left, having overcome thus easy resistance

5 — the Uniform lock (Undressed Keys, the uniform lock and anticreeping system)
6 — the Light alarm system
7 — Heating of back glass (Section Heater of Back Glass)
8 — the Sound signal
9 — Adjustment of a steering wheel (Section Adjustment of Provision of a Steering Wheel)
10 — the Back foggy lamp * (The section Lighting and light devices)
11 — Fog lights * (The section Lighting and light devices)


Control panel

1 — the Index of a reserve of fuel with a control lamp of a reserve
2 — Control lamps of indexes of turn
3 — the Speedometer
4 — Control lamps:
category of the accumulator
driving beam
oil pressure in the oil engine/level
in the engine
5 — the Tachometer and ekonometr
6 — the Index of temperature of cooling liquid with a lamp "Too high temperature of cooling liquid"
7 — Control and alarm lamps (clockwise):
the parking brake/level of brake fluid / monitoring system behind braking on turns (SVS)
ABS
wear of brake shoes
air pressure monitoring systems in tires (RDC) *
inflatable safety cushions of a reminder on need to be fastened *
tempostata *
8 — the control Button:

hours
indicator of the forthcoming maintenance

9 — the Indicator of the chosen program of gear shifting for AT * (Section Automatic Transmission (AT))
Control lamp of AT * (Section Automatic Transmission (AT))
10 — the Control lamp of system of automatic stabilization of stability with the regulator of a torque of the engine (ASC+T)/system of dynamic control of stability (DSC)
11 — the Display for indication of indications:
run counter
the run measuring instrument from the moment of dumping
hours
indicator forthcoming
maintenance
Indication of indications of the traveling computer *, management from the lever of indexes of turn:
hours
temperature of external air
average fuel consumption
approximate stock of the course
average speed
12 — the Display of the indicator of open doors and not switched off light devices
13 — the dumping Button on zero indications of the measuring instrument of run from the moment of dumping
14 — Control and alarm lamps (clockwise):
fog lights *
back foggy lamps *
washer liquid level
level of cooling liquid
preheat * / digital elekt-Rhone control systems of the diesel engine (DDE) *
electronic system regulirov-ki engine capacities (EML) *
control systems of operation of the engine


# you can bring to indication of the indication of temperature of external air and the passable way in other units of measure.

Control lamps, signaling devices and indicators

Self-diagnostics of systems of the car


All important electric and electronic systems in the car are exposed to regular automatic testing. Thus you should not include or regulate anything.

So, at ignition inclusion, all control lamps are checked. If one of them is faulty, information on it registers in memory of system of diagnostics of malfunctions, from where it can be considered subsequently.

During a trip continuous measurements of current in the relay of servomotors (screen wipers, window regulators, seats, the hatch in a roof, etc.) allow to control their working capacity.

Electric resistance of the NPB ignition generators and all other elements of this system is also constantly measured. Any malfunction is registered thanks to the fluctuations of tension accompanying it, and the corresponding signal of malfunction will be given by a control lamp of NPB on a control panel.

Even after switching off of the engine complete control of operability of your car is made. For example, all gates of system of heating and ventilation move to the next final situation. Thereby it is possible to provide anyway defrosting function preservation even if in the car during, for example, night there was any defect in system of heating or ventilation.

After each switching off of the engine checking process during which all servomotors move gates of system of heating and ventilation to both extreme situation is made. Thus final provisions and the course of gates that provides correct control according to position of regulators subsequently are controlled.

Noise from operation of gates which is audible after ignition switching off testifies to process of self-diagnostics of system of heating / ventilation. All other functions of self-testing by noise are not followed and are not noticeable.

Information on all defects revealed during self-testing is brought in memory and there can be a schitana by means of special devices that allows to define and eliminate quickly them (address to the Section Diagnostics of Malfunctions). On HUNDRED this work it is performed in a planned order, when carrying out the next maintenance.

The control and alarm lamps marked with the sign "about" light up for some time for the purpose of check of working capacity at the time of turn of the ignition key, and die away through different time after start of the engine.

If in one of systems defect is found, the corresponding lamp after start of the engine does not die away or lights up again during a trip. Actions which need to be undertaken in that case, are described below.

Red lamps: immediately stop

The category of the accumulator about

Fire of a lamp serves as a signal of lack of a battery charging. Defect of a maple belt in the drive of the generator or violation of a chain of charging current of the generator can be the cause. Address on the next HUNDRED BMWs.
It is impossible to continue the movement as there is a danger of damage of the engine as a result of its overheat. At defect of a maple belt the effort which needs to be put to a steering wheel when driving increases.


Oil pressure in the engine about

It is necessary to stop, kill at once the engine, to check the level of oil and if necessary to bring it to norm. If level appears in norm, address to the Section Diagnostics of Malfunctions.
It is impossible to continue the movement as there is a danger of damage of the engine as a result of insufficient greasing.


Control of pressure of air in tires (RDC) *

In addition the acoustic signal sounds: there was a defect of the tire. Immediately stop, avoiding sharp braking or maneuvers. In more detail in the Section Air Pressure Monitoring System in tires (RDC).


The hydraulic drive of brake system about

If the lamp lights up at the released parking brake, it means that it is necessary to check the level of brake fluid. Before continuing the movement, surely follow the instructions provided in the Section Brake system.


Red and yellow lamps: it is possible to continue the movement with observance of precautionary measures

The monitoring system behind braking on turns (SVS) about

If the lamp lights up together with yellow control lamps of ABS and ASC+T|DSC systems *, it testifies to failure of all complex of adjusting ABS, SVS and ASC+T|DSC systems. It is possible to continue the movement with observance of necessary precautionary measures. Address to the Section Diagnostics of Malfunctions.


Red lamps: as important reminder

Parking brake

The lamp lights up at the tightened parking brake - at start-off from a place the acoustic signal in addition sounds. In more detail in the Section the Parking brake.


Please, be fastened * about

Depending on a car complete set at fire of a lamp simultaneous giving sound signala* is possible. Depending on a car complete set the lamp burns or some seconds, or up to fastening. For details about seat belts address to the Section of System of safety.


Inflatable safety cushions about

Address to the Section Diagnostics of Malfunctions. In more detail in the Section of System of safety.


Orange lamp: it is necessary to move to the next HUNDRED BMWs

Automatic transmission *

Because of malfunction of AT of gear shifting are carried out only according to the emergency program. Address to the Section Diagnostics of Malfunctions. In more detail in the Section Automatic Transmission (AT).

Yellow lamps: address on HUNDRED for check

System of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS) about

Fire of a lamp testifies to shutdown of ABS because of malfunction. Thus brakes function without restrictions. Address to the Section Diagnostics of Malfunctions. In more detail in the Section Anti-blocking system of brakes (ABS).


Oil level in the engine

At fire of a lamp check oil level.


Brake shoes about

Check a condition of brake shoes. In more detail in the Section Brake system.


The air pressure monitoring system in tires (RDC) * about

Check air pressure in tires. In more detail in the Section Air Pressure Monitoring System in tires (RDC) and Specifications.


System of automatic stabilization of stability with the regulator of a torque of the engine (ASC+T)/system of dynamic control of stability (DSC) * about

ASC+T/DSC is disconnected as a result of pressing of a key or because of malfunction. In case of malfunction address to the Section Diagnostics of Malfunctions.


Washer liquid addition

Washer liquid level the too low. Bring it to norm of the first opportunity.


Control system of operation of the engine

Defect in system. Address to the Section Diagnostics of Malfunctions.


Electronic system of adjustment of the engine capacity (EML) about

Defect in EML system; when braking, perhaps, it will be required to make bigger effort for a brake pedal, and its course can increase. Address to the Section Diagnostics of Malfunctions.


Digital electronic control system of operation of the diesel engine (DDE) * about

If during the movement the alarm lamp of DDE system lit up, it means that in electronic system of injection there was a malfunction.

If the engine did not decay, it is possible to continue the movement as control of operation of the engine will be exercised according to the emergency program. However at the movement on such program power can be reduced. Address to the Section Diagnostics of Malfunctions.


Add cooling liquid

Level of cooling liquid the too low. Bring it to norm at the first opportunity.


Yellow lamps: for you attention

Back foggy lamps *

The lamp burns at the included back foggy lamps. In more detail in the Section Lighting and light devices.


Preheat * about

It is possible to start the engine only after the lamp goes out. In more detail in the Section Lock of Ignition and Start of the Engine.

Green lamps: for you attention

Index of turn


The lamp blinks at inclusion of indexes of turn. At the movement with the trailer the lamp blinks also at inclusion of indexes of turn on the trailer. The speeded-up blinking testifies to defect in system. In more detail in the Section Lever of the Switch of Indexes of Turn / the Light of a signal.


Tempostat (automatic equipment of maintenance of the set speed) *

The lamp burns at the included system. The system can be operated from a multipurpose steering wheel. In more detail in the Section Tempostat (automatic equipment of maintenance of the set speed).


Fog lights *

The lamp burns at the included fog lights. In more detail in the Section Lighting and light devices.


Blue lamp

Driving beam


The lamp burns at the turned-on driving beam and use of a light signal. In more detail in the Sections Lever of the Switch of Indexes of Turn / the Light of a signal and Lighting and light devices.


Run counters

1 Counter of the general run

At installation of the ignition key in the situation "0" you can cause on indication of the indication of the counters presented on an illustration, having pressed the button on a control panel (it is shown by an arrow).

 


2 The run measuring instrument from the moment of dumping

Dumping on zero happens when pressing the button shown by an arrow if thus the ignition key is in situation 1 or 2.

Tachometer

Avoid bringing turns of the engine to values of red sector of a scale.

In this range for protection of the engine fuel supply that is noticeable by falling of power interrupts.


Ekonometr

Ekonometr registers the actual fuel consumption in l / 100 km. You can control at any time, your manner of driving is how economic and eco-friendly.

At a stop of the car of the shooter comes back to zero.


The index of a reserve of fuel in a tank

For check of operation of the device its control lamp for some time lights up at ignition inclusion.

If the lamp burns constantly, it means that in a tank there were about 8 liters of fuel.

Data on the capacity of a fuel tank are provided in Specifications.
Various tilt angle of the car (for example, at the long movement on the mountain road) can cause insignificant fluctuations of instrument readings.
Refuel in due time as fuel use "to a last straw" can lead to damages of the engine or catalytic converter.


Index of temperature of cooling liquid

Arrow on blue sector

Engine still the cold. The movement has to happen at moderate turns and speeds.

Arrow on red sector

If the control lamp burns, it means that the engine is overheated. In it it is necessary at once to stop and allow to the engine to cool down.

Zone between color sectors

Corresponds to normal working temperature. At high temperature of air or at big loads of the engine of the shooter can come nearer to red sector closely.

Check of level of cooling liquid is carried out according to instructions in the Section Check of Levels of Liquids.


Indicator of the forthcoming maintenance

Run to the following THAT

The indication presented on an illustration appears for some seconds after turn of the ignition key in situation 1 or 2 or after start of the engine.

Inscriptions of OILSERVICE or INSPECTION testify to need THAT. Also residual run in km is highlighted. Residual run is calculated on the basis of data on style of driving.

The minus sign "-" before figure of residual run means what exactly so many kilometers it was necessary to make THAT back.


Replacement of brake fluid

It is possible to bring to indication month and year in which it is necessary to make replacement of brake fluid. For this purpose during a conclusion to indication of term of the following THAT it is necessary to press the button (it is shown by an arrow) on a control panel. By each pressing of the button indication term next THAT and the term of replacement of brake fluid is alternately removed.

At approach of term of replacement of brake fluid the symbol in the form of hours constantly burns.

The indicator does not consider time of the parking of the car with the disconnected accumulator plugs.

Therefore watch that replacement of brake fluid, irrespective of indications of the indicator, was made at least once in two years.

Indication of open doors or not switched off light devices

Graphic indication

At position 2 of the ignition key information on the following preventions (states) is output to indication in the form of symbols. These symbols do not die away before elimination of the reasons which caused their emergence.

1 Check a passing beam.
2 the door Is open.
3 the luggage carrier Is open.
4 Check lamps of a backing or stoplights. The top symbol testifies to malfunction of an average stoplight.

If upon termination of a trip you opened a door and forgot to turn off the light, the warning signal (any indication does not appear) reminding of it sounds.

Hours

Control

It is made after turn of the ignition key in situation 1 or 2.

Putting a clock forward: turn the button to the right.

Putting a clock back: turn the button to the left.

The more long you keep the button in the turned situation, the change of indications is made quicker.

Change of the mode of indications: press and at once release the button.

With each pressing of the button indication of time changes with 12-hour on 24-hour and back.

If the ignition key is in situation 0, short-term (for some seconds) the call of indications of time is made after pressing of the left adjusting button (see run counters, above).


Traveling computer *


Information call

After turn of the ignition key in situation 1 you can, using the button in the lever switch of indexes of turn, to cause information of the traveling computer on the display of a control panel. After each short-term pressing the button in the direction to a steering column the next information is output.

Information is output in the following sequence: time, temperature of external air, average fuel consumption, approximate stock of the course, average speed of the movement.

With turn of the ignition key in situation 1 the corresponding last value is brought to indication.


Temperature of external air

You can change a unit of measure of temperature of external air (on Celsius / Fahrenheit).

For this purpose during indication of temperature it is necessary to press the right adjusting button on a control panel.


Warning of ice

At temperature drop below +3 °C are distributed a warning sound signal, and indication some time blinks.

The prevention repeats if after the last giving of a signal temperature at least rose once to +6 °C, and then fell to +3 °C.

Despite existence of system of the warning of ice, possibility of its education (for example, on bridges and the shaded sites of roads) as well is not excluded at a temperature above +3 °C.

Average fuel consumption

If during indication of average fuel consumption to press the button and some time to hold it, from this point calculation will begin anew. Thus it is necessary that the engine worked.


Course stock


The stock of the course is calculated taking into account the actual style of driving on the last kilometers of a way.

Average speed

If during indication of average speed of the movement to press the button and some time to hold it, from this point calculation will begin anew. Thus it is necessary that the engine worked.

Parking time with the switched-off engine at calculation is not considered.


Light alarm system


Illumination of the button periodically blinks at the switched-on alarm system.

At the included lighting of the car the button is highlighted that allows to find easier it.

Function of operation of indexes of turn has a priority before function of the light alarm system. Therefore after turn of the ignition key in situation 1 indexes of turn can blink even if the light alarm system is switched on.

Multipurpose steering wheel (MFL) *

In a multipurpose steering wheel the keys allowing quickly are built in without distracting from the events on the road, to use

- some functions of the radio receiver,
- tempostaty,
- some functions of phone.

For management of various systems from their multipurpose steering wheel it is necessary to include previously.

On an illustration the possible example of a full complete set is shown. Details contain in descriptions of concrete options.

1 — Phone: reception of a call, start of a set of number, conversation termination
2 — Switching from the radio receiver on phone and back
3 — Search of station / telephone number down the range / list of phones
4 — the Loudness of the radio receiver and phone

5 — Search of station / telephone number up the range / list of phones
6 — the Sound signal, all panel
7 — Tempostat: a call of the value kept in memory
8 — Tempostat: input of the actual speed as set and its subsequent increase (+) or reduction of speed and input of the reached value in memory (-)
9 — Tempostat: inclusion / interruption work / switching off