BMW 3 of the E46 series

since 1998 release

Repair and operation of the car



BMW 3 of the E46 series
- BMW 3 cars (E46)
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, tool and equipment of a workplace
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car for operation
   Automobile chemicals, oils and greasings
   Diagnostics of malfunctions
   Governing bodies and methods of operation
   Governing bodies and devices
   Gas station
   Keys, uniform lock and anticreeping system
   Security alarm system *
   Window regulators
   The hatch with a lifting and movable cover *
   Seats
   Adjustment of provision of a steering wheel
   Mirrors
   Systems of safety
   Lock of ignition and start of the engine
   Parking brake
   Manual Box of Gear Shifting (MBGS)
   Automatic Transmission (AT) *
   Lever of the switch of indexes of turn / light signal
   Screen wipers and windscreen washers
   Heater of back glass
   Tempostat (automatic equipment of maintenance of the set speed) *
   The alarm system of emergency rapprochement at a parking (PDC) *
   System of automatic stabilization of stability with the ASC+T/engine torque regulator System of dynamic control of stability of DSC *
   The air pressure monitoring system in tires (RDC) *
   Lighting and light devices
   Heater, ventilation and conditioner of air of salon
   Equipment of salon
   Running in
   Features of driving of the car
   Catalytic converter
   Anti-blocking system of brakes (ABS)
   Disk brakes
   Brake system
   Luggage compartments
   Automobile phone *
   Readjustment of headlights
   Cowl
   Unlocking of a cover of the filling hatch manually
   Drive of a lifting and movable cover of the hatch manually *
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply systems, injection and release
+ Electric equipment of the engine
+ RKPP and transmission line
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment





Systems of safety

Natyazhitel of a seat belt

Natyazhitel of a belt provides much the best prileganiye of a belt to a body during collision, and allows to hold reliably it on a seat. For fractions of a second the belt lock under the influence of pressure of gas moves back, at the same time pulling diagonal and zone belts. Thereby reliable protection against slipping of the person under a zone belt is provided.


Seat belts

It is necessary to be fastened by seat belts before each trip.

Fastening: at the time of fastening the lock of a belt has to be locked with the heard click.

Otstegivaniye: press the red button and, holding a belt tape, send it to the involving device.


Adjustment of a belt on height

 


You can make adjustment of a belt on the growth by adjustment of the top point of its fastening.

For this purpose displace the button down or up.

The lock with an inscription of "CENTER" is intended only for a belt of the passenger sitting in the middle on a back seat.

For the sake of your safety observe the instructions given below on use of a belt, differently it will not be able to execute the protective function completely. Do not forget to inform all your satellites on need of observance of instructions for use seat belts.

By one seat belt only one person always has to be fastened. During the movement of the car of chest and juvenile children it is impossible to hold on a lap at adult passengers. The tape of a belt has to be hardly tense and without twisting to adjoin to a breast and a belt, and under it in pockets of clothes there should not be firm or fragile subjects. The belt should not cover a neck. Its jamming or friction about keen edges is inadmissible.

The belt has to adjoin to a body therefore the clothes should not be muffling up whenever possible densely. Tighten a belt in a shoulder more often. Otherwise at head-on collisions leaky adjacent zone belt can slide off on hips up and injure the lower part of a stomach. Because of the increased gap between a belt and a body the holding effect of a belt is realized with delay.

By seat belts pregnant women always have to be fastened, watching thus, in particular, behind that the zone strap covered hips from below and did not press on a stomach.

Systems of safe transportation of children *

For children aged till 12 years and less than 150 cm in height the special resolved systems of safe transportation have to be used.

Small children till 18 months can be carried in the cradles established on a back seat against the course of the movement and fixed by serial seat belts.

For each age group HUNDRED BMWs will offer the relevant systems of safe transportation of children. At installation of these systems observe instructions of the manufacturer.

Is inadmissible to install systems of safe transportation of children on a forward passenger seat, differently at operation of an inflatable safety cushion possibly receiving injuries.

Is inadmissible to make changes to a design of systems of transportation of children, differently they will not be able to execute the protective function completely.

Built-in children's seats *

 


These two children's seats which are built in on extreme places of a back seat and conforming to the requirements developed on the basis of the directive of the Economic commission of the UN for Europe at number R-44 intend for children from 3.5 to 12 years (from 15 to 36 kg).

For children from 18 months to 3.5 years (from 9 to 18 kg) these seats should be used in a combination to a special back and a travmozashchitny table which can be got on HUNDRED BMWs.

Promotion of a seat:

Undertake forward part of a back seat and pull it up and slightly back, as shown an arrow. Then press on a seat to its zashchelkivaniye back.

Lowering of a seat:

 


Having undertaken a loop, pull forward and down, as shown an arrow. Then press on a seat from above to a zashchelkivaniye.

The built-in children's seats have to be used only in the presence in the car of head restraints.

At adjustment of forward seats watch that feet of children were not clamped.

Never leave children in the car without supervision even if they sit on children's seats.

Observe the instructions on use of seat belts given above in this Section, differently they will not be able to execute the protective function.

 


At damage of belts or after accident address on HUNDRED BMWs for replacement of the built-in children's seat and - if necessary - other accessories.

Locking of children in the car

Shift the clamp located on a back door down. Now this door cannot be opened from salon.


Inflatable Safety Cushions (ISC)

1 Forward inflatable safety cushions for the driver and the passenger.
2 Top inflatable safety cushions for protection of the head (over forward seats).
3 Lateral safety cushions (on forward and back * places).


 


Inertial sensors constantly control the acceleration forces operating on the car. If as a result of collision the driver and the passenger are affected by such force of acceleration with which only one seat belts cannot provide sufficient protection any more, in parallel with each other work gas generators of inflatable safety cushions for the driver and the forward passenger. However NPB for the forward passenger is put in action only in case the sensor installed in a seat distinguishes that on it really someone sits.

In case of a side crash if necessary works NPB for protection of the head, and also forward or back * lateral NPB.

NPB which are located under appropriately designated safety facings, are developed, for some milliseconds being filled with gas. Thus they break off or squeeze out safety facing in in advance defined places.

Fast deployment which is necessary for normal functioning of NPB, is followed by ignition cotton and noise from inflation which, however, against accident simply are not perceived. The gas necessary for inflation of NPB does not constitute any danger and after a while disappears together with the formed smoke.

All process develops for fractions of a second.

Protective action

Forward NPB protect the driver and the forward passenger at a head-on collision when protective action only of one seat belts is insufficient. The top and lateral NPB provide protection at side crashes. Lateral NPB protect the corresponding lateral parts of a thorax.

On an illustration the main directions of blows to which NPB react are shown


Control lamp of NPB

The lamp signals about readiness of system of NPB for work after turn of the ignition key in situation 1.


The system is ready to work:

The control lamp lights up for some time then dies away.

The system is faulty:

The control lamp does not light up.

Control lamp, having lit up for a while, dies away and again lights up.

In case of malfunction of system there is a danger of that at collision it will not work even if accident will be rather heavy.
Immediately address on HUNDRED BMWs for check of system.

For the sake of your safety observe the instructions given below concerning safety cushions, differently they will not be able to execute the protective function completely. Do not forget to inform all your satellites on need of observance of the instructions concerning inflatable safety cushions.

Existence of inflatable safety cushions does not exempt from need of fastening by a belt as NPB represent only one of means of ensuring of safety. At insignificant accidents, capsizing of the car and at blows in back part of NPB should not work surely. You will be protected only by a seat belt.

Settle down on a seat as it is more convenient to you, but thus as it is possible further from a steering wheel, the forward panel or a door.

Always hold a steering wheel for a rim. In case of operation of NPB non-compliance with this rule can lead to injuries of brushes or forearms.
Between a safety cushion and the person protected by it there should not be foreign subjects. Facing of NPB for the forward passenger cannot be used as the shelf for things.

Safety facing of a steering wheel, the forward panel and lateral upholstery of lobbies and back doors, and also covers are resistant and edges of facing of a ceiling cannot be pasted over with anything, to fit or somehow to alter.

Is inadmissible to strengthen systems of safe transportation of children on a forward passenger seat. Transportation of children is younger than 12 years and less than 150 cm in height it is allowed only on a back seat.

At a car complete set lateral NPB in back part of salon watch that the children's seat was established correctly and at the maximum distance from a door. Do not allow children to deviate from a seat towards NPB as in case of operation of a pillow serious injuries are possible.

Even at observance of all instructions under certain circumstances receiving injuries of face, the brushes and forearms caused by operation of inflatable safety cushions is not excluded. Sensitive passengers have ignition cotton and noise in the course of inflation of pillows can cause short-term decrease in hearing.